Glucose transport is group of membrane proteins that make easier the transport of glucose over a plasma membrane. These transporters are present in all phyla. The rate of glucose transport is limited by the number of glucose transporters on the cell surface and the affinity of the transporters for glucose. Mammalian cells are described into two classes of glucose carriers are Na+ glucose co-transporters (SGLTs) and the facilitative glucose transporters (GLUTs).There are twelve members of the human SGLT family in the human genome, including co-transporters for sugar, anions, vitamins and short-chain fatty acids. The sugar transporters include SGLT1, SGLT2, SGLT4 and SGLT5, while SGLT3 functions as a glucose sensor.
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